"From my Collection"
Some interesting examples from our collections
POLISH VARIETY HUNTING
A variety is a stamp differing in some visible detail of its manufacture from the normal issue caused by a fault in the printing process.
Errors of colour, design and perforation and watermark are sometimes loosely termed "varieties" but the term is properly used when it denotes repetitive printing faults on specific stamps.
These repetitive errors or varieties are worth looking for whatever ones collecting interests. It is possible by examining blocks and strips of the very same stamp issue to determine the exact position of all stamps of that particular issue within the sheet. Searching for these varieties, many of which are not listed in even the most specialised of catalogues, can bring many hours of fun, satisfaction (and sometimes frustration).
If one has the motivation, then in addition to varieties one can also add, differences in perforation, shade, paper and gum etc. The collector of course can make his/her own rules as to how deeply he decides to examine a particular issue. That is the beauty of the hobby.
It is possible to build a sizeable collection relatively cheaply as some issues are quite affordable and of course any surplus can be mounted up with the knowledge gleaned and sold on with the cost sometimes recouped many times over - Stamps may be plentiful but knowledge of them is often scarce and in great demand.
In the period from March 1945 to August 1950 the main producer of stamps in Poland was the State Printing Works in Krakow using rotogravure printing. This period is highly characteristic in the production of stamps in Poland because rotogravure printing forms at this time were not precisely made. This caused the occurrence of numerous repetitive errors and defects on the stamps. In some instances, as below, as many as half the stamps in the sheet were affected! These repetitive errors are called Varieties and are worth looking for whatever ones collecting interests. It is also possible by examining blocks and strips of the very same stamp to determine (plate) the exact position of all stamps of a particular issue within the sheet.
The example below commemorating the 7th Anniversary of the Defence of the Polish Post Office in Gdansk Poland was issued on 14th September 1946. 21 varieties have been recorded of which 16 are illustrated below.
A selection of 16 the 21 varieties recorded
5 8 9 13 14 18 21 22
24 29 30 33 36 34 45 50
5 Dot in the letter L of POLSKA
8 Dot above the Crane
9 White dot under Z of POCZTOWCOM
13 White spot on the Church Tower
14 Black dot next to the Crane cargo box
18 Two white dots behind saluting Soldier
21 Dot in the letter A of the word POLSKA
22 Elongated dot in the letter A of POLSKA
24 Vertical line to the left side of the Crane
29 Dot in the letter P of POLSKA
30 Small dot on the frame under the Danzig coat of arms
33 Dot on the frame between the letters P and O of the word POCZTOWCOM
34 Dot under A of POLSKA
36 Dot between P of POLSKA and the top of the Crane
45 Small dot at the Gate
50 White dot to the right of the value 12zl